Globalization has changed the world from the 20th century to the 21st century business and society are more connected and have created a synergy of operations that continues advance humankind. Our world has been immersed in the beautiful advances of technology and communication. Technology has allowed us to do greater things through science and engineering; the human race continues to model itself as innovators and fearless pioneers. People are doing the impossible, we have even landed on mars, technology first that is, we actually have images captured on mars today, allowing us to investigate further into water supply, and possibly life on another planet.
Notwithstanding, we cannot discuss globalization and business and society without mentioning the united nations and millennial sustainability development goals. Tackling specific issues surrounding natural resources that are depleted or polluted such as water resources, fossil fuels, and arable land. According to SustainableDevelopment.un.org there are 17 defined goals listed in the “Transforming Our World by 2030” agenda. In less than 14 years from now, the expectation of the United Nation is to “End poverty in all its forms everywhere”. If communication was once a barrier of globalization and business trade, with advance discovered in technology and communication business are engaging in trade much simpler than in that pass. Same can be expected for ending worldwide poverty. Therefore there has to be a formula to end poverty globally.
Chapter 10, described sustainability development as the need for balance between economic progress and environmental protection. In addition, sustainability development “meets the needs” or, more simply, “ensuring a better quality of life for everyone, now and for generations to come.” Sustainability development within its core values hopes to protect the environment, and economic development to run in a way that it conserves the Earth’s resources for development for future generation. An example of a company that trains and develops certified LEED buildings and project managersdeveloped by the United States Green Building Council. What does LEED stand for, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design.
LEED “works for all buildings, – from homes to coöperate headquarters – at all phases of development. Projects pursuing LEED certification earn points across several areas that address sustainability issues. Based on the number of points achieved, a project then receives one of four LEED ratings levels: Certified, Silver, Gold and Platinum” (usgbc.org). With the creation of LEED certifications, businesses have an incentive in becoming certified. LEED certification requirements are modeled by California main social and economic regulations as referenced in Chapter 8, Figure 8.1 ‘Types of Regulation and Regulatory Agencies’ (Pg. 174). CA social and economic regulatory agencies that oversee LEED are Environmental Protection Agencies, because LEED certification has heavy involvement in recommending materials and providing an environmentally sustainable friendly or “Green” alternatives for a construction buildings during the life-cycle of a project. Another agency represented on the grid, was Department of Energy. LEED models its business fundamentals using the most energy-efficient green alternative. This includes light fixtures like LED lighting, or programmed lighting sensors, designed to save energy when there are no movement in the room. Additionally, solar energy-efficient buildings that can generate its own energy using reserved solar energy. Thus, providing back up energy supply, reducing dependencies on fussed fuels like gas and electricity. Another areas LEED looks into water sustainability. Are buildings designed to store and capture rain water for recyclable uses like wetting the grass or other non potable water uses. (usgbc.org)
Lastly, President Barack Obama, during his presidency tenure, has fought arduously for Climate Change policies, for protect the earth from potential threats to earth’s ecosystem as described in Chapter 10. The WhiteHouse.gov reports “ The United States is leading global efforts to discuss the threat to climate change. On December 12, 2015, President Obama and world leaders secured a global agreement to combat climate change.” How do they intend on accomplishing these goals? By bringing to life some of the major expenses associated with climate change and how human activity affects three major forms of natural resources water, air, and land. (Pg. 214)